Chanukah 2023 – Hanukkah, the Jewish festival of rededication

Hanukkah, an eight-day Jewish festival, celebrates the Jewish people’s fight for religious autonomy. 

Every year, the actual day of Hanukkah fluctuates. Learn how the lunar phases relate to the Hebrew calendar’s operation. Even though there are many customs and methods to celebrate Hanukkah, typical celebrations involve lighting the menorah and having kids spin dreidels.

First day of Hanukkah

The Jewish people planned to purify their Temple by sprinkling it with holy oil and burning it for eight days, but they only had enough for one night. Because it was a marvel that the oil lasted the entire eight days, this event also involved blazing candles and long celebrations.

What is Hanukkah?

Hanukkah (Hebrew: “Dedication”), often written as Chanukah, Anukka, or Chanukka, is an eight-day Jewish celebration that starts on Kislev 25 (typically in December according to the Gregorian calendar) and is observed by Jews worldwide. 

Hanukkah is one of the most well-known Jewish religious observances, despite not being referenced in the Hebrew Scriptures. It has grown to be extensively observed.

History of Hanukkah

Although the Maccabean texts do not mention the habit of burning candles during Hanukkah, it is most likely a very recent ritual. The Talmud (Shabbat 21b), which recounts the oil miracle in the Temple, codifies the custom. 

According to the Talmud, Judas Maccabeus only discovered one little jug of oil inside the Temple that Antiochus had not tainted.

History of Hanukkah

Only one day’s worth of oil was in the jar, but by some miracle, it continued to burn for eight days until additional sanctified oil could be procured, setting the precedent that the celebration should endure for eight days.

The argument between the scholars Hillel and Shammai from the first century CE supports the early age for this tale or at least the custom of burning eight lights.

According to Hillel and his school, one light should be lit on the first night of Hanukkah and another on each successive night. Shammai believed that the first night’s lighting of all eight candles should be followed by one less candle being lit each subsequent night.

First Night Celebration

The daily menorah lighting serves as the festival’s focal point. One of the nine fires in the menorah, known as the shamash or “attendant,” is used to ignite the other eight candles.

An extra flame is kindled the next night. All eight of the Chanukah lights are lit by the eighth night. 

The menorah must be lit carefully on Friday afternoon before Shabbat candles are lit, and they are only to be lit the next evening after Shabbat has concluded. Before lighting the menorah, special blessings are said, frequently to a piece of traditional music, and traditional songs are then performed.

Every home has a menorah in a window or entryway, which is lighted by the entire household or even by each individual living there. In addition, synagogues and other public locations light menorahs. 

In recent years, numerous gigantic menorahs have appeared in parks, shopping centers, and in front of government and local halls. 

Hanukkah Games

A Hanukkah ritual for all ages is spinning top games or dreidels. The practice dates back to the Holy Land’s Greek-Syrian sovereignty. Jewish children would pretend to be playing with a dreidel while studying the Torah because it was forbidden at the time to learn it.

Hanukkah Games

Although boxed presents are becoming more common than they formerly were, the customary Hanukkah gift is a gelt or money. Some claim that as Christmas presents have grown in popularity, more Jews are also choosing to buy them.


We celebrate by consuming meals prepared with oil, according to Minnen, “because of the miracle that transpired with the oil. Sufganiyot, a type of fried jelly doughnut, and latkes, a type of potato pancake, are typical Hanukkah fare.

Both foods are fried and stand in for the enduring lamp oil. Families assemble to spin a dreidel after feasting on various upscale foods. Players might earn chocolate gelt or coins if the top lands in the appropriate spot.

Why do we celebrate Hanukkah?

Are we commemorating the Maccabean army’s remarkable military triumph against the Seleucid empire, the oil miracle, or the restoration of Jewish sovereignty, which has been realized in Israel? 

In this 1967 address on the two primary themes of Hanukkah, the “nes milhamah,” or miraculous victory of the few over the many and the weak over the powerful, and the “nes shimmer,” or a miracle of the oil, Rabbi Norman Lamm investigated the solution to that dilemma.

 “The nes sheen signifies the triumph of the everlasting Jewish spirit, while the nes milhamah reflects the success of the Macabeeans’ military and political effort.

“According to their particular setting, Rabbi Lamm describes how throughout Jewish history, certain Jewish communities have prioritized one of these miracles above the other.

For instance, “secular Zionism spoke primarily of the nes milhamah, the military victory because it was engaged in creating the patriotic foundation of contemporary Jewry.”

Because they witnessed the collapse of Jewish sovereignty and might, it is possible that the Talmudic rabbis placed more emphasis on the divine miracle of the nes sheen than on Jewish military prowess. 

However, the two concepts are not mutually incompatible; Rabbi Lamm contends that both are essential components of the Hanukkah and Jewish messages.


Q:Is Hanukkah like Christmas?

Hanukkah isn’t as religiously significant as Christmas. “Christmas is a religiously significant festival for Christians [since it commemorates the birth of Jesus]. “In the Jewish religious scheme of things, Hanukkah is a small festival,” says Shaul Kelner, Associate Professor of Jewish Studies at Vanderbilt University.

Q:What religion is Hanukkah for?

Jewish 30, millions of people and families throughout the world will observe the Jewish festival of Hanukkah (sometimes spelled Chanukah).


In conclusion, Hanukkah is a time when we honor the heroic deeds of humankind, the divine marvels that God accomplished for our ancestors, and the amazing possibilities that arise from the sacred relationship that each of us has with God.

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